top of page

Chess Studies Bibliography


Benefits of Chess (Website)

Benefits of Chess (Actual Readings pdf)





Why Chess? (View Slideshow)

Aanstoos, C. (1982). A Phenomenological Study of Thinking As It Is Exemplified During Chess Playing. Duquesne University


Alburt, L. "Chess as a Classroom Tool".


Anderson, T. (2004). The relation between gender, age, giftedness, and chess activity and attention in middle school students. University of Houston


Artise, J., "Chess and Education".


Atherton, M., Zhuang, J., Bart, W., Hu, X. & He, S. (2003). Functional MRI study of high-level cognition. I. The game of chess. Cognitive Brain Research, 16, 26- 31.


Atherton, M., Zhuang, X., Bart, W., Hu, X., & He, S. (2000, April). A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of chess expertise. Paper presented at the 2000 Cognitive Neuroscience Society Meeting, San Francisco.


Bart, W. M. & Atherton, M. (2003, April). The neuroscientfic basis of chess playing: Implications for the development of talent and education. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.


Bell, T. (1982). Your Child's Intellect, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, pp.178-179.


Berger, R. (1989). Cognitive organization in chess: Beyond chunking. Rice University


Berlinger, H. (1975). Chess as Problem Solving: The Development of a Tactics Analyzer. Carnegie Mellon University


Brandefine, A. (2003). "Visual-spatial skills of children that play chess". Touro College.


Celone, James. (2001). The Effects of a Chess Program on Abstract Reasoning and

Problem-Solving in Elementary School Children. Southern Connecticut State University


Charness, N. (1974). Memory For Chess Positions: The Effects of Interference and Input Modality. Carnegie Mellon University


"Chess and the Humanities" Papers at conference in Lincoln, Neb., May 1978.



"Chess Improves Academic Performance" summary of NY School Chess Program.


Chmelynski, C., (1993). ``Chess said to promote school performance and self-esteem,'' School Board News, July 6, Vol. 13 (12), pp. 7-8.


Christiaen, J., & Verholfstadt, D. C. (1978). Chess and cognitive development. Nederlandse Tydschrift voor de Psychologie en haar Grensbebieden, 36, 561-582.


Coudert, J. (1988/89). "From Street Kids to Royal Knights". Readers Digest, June.


Cranberg, L. D., & Albert, M. L. (1988). The chess mind. In L. Kober, & D. Fein (Eds.), The exceptional brain: Neuropsychology of talent and special abilities (pp. 156-190). New York: The Guilford Press.


De Groot, A. D., & Gobet, F. (1996). Perception and memory in chess. Heuristics of the professional eye. Assen: Van Gorcum.


Djakow, I. N., Petrowski, N. W., & Rudik, P. A. (1927). Psychologie des Schachspiels [Psychology of the game of chess]. Berlin: de Gruyter.


Doll, J., & Mayr, U. (1987). Intelligenz und Schachleistung-eine Untersuchung an Schachexperten [Intelligence and performance in chess-A study of chess experts]. Psychologische Beiträge, 29, 270-289.


Dullea, G. (1982). "Chess Makes Kids Smarter," Chess Life, November.


Duncan, G. (1979). "Visual Imagery Training and Skill in Chess". Virginia Commonwealth University.


Forrest, D., Davidson, I., Shucksmith, J., Glendinning, T. (2005). Chess Development in Aberdeen's Primary Schools: A Study of Literacy and Social Capital.


Edelman, D. (1993). ``New Jersey Legislature Passes Chess Bill into Law,'' Chess Coach Newsletter, Spring, Vol. 6 (1), pp. 1 & 3.


Elo, A. "Some Demographic Aspects of Chess".


Ericsson, K. A. & Staszewski, J. (1989). Skilled memory and expertise: Mechanisms of exceptional performance. In D. Klahr and K. Kotovsky (Eds.), Complex Information Processing: The Impact of Herbert A. Simon. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.


Ferguson, R., (1986). ``Developing Critical and Creative Thinking through Chess,'' report on ESEA Title IV-C project presented at the annual conference of the Pennsylvania Association for Gifted Education, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, April 11-12,.



Ferguson, R., (1988).``Development of Reasoning and Memory through Chess,''.


Ferguson, R. (1983). ``Teaching the Fourth R (Reasoning) through Chess,'' School Mates, 1(1), p. 3.


Ferguson, R., (1994). ``Teaching the Fourth R (Reflective Reasoning) through Chess,'' doctoral dissertation.


Ferguson, R., (1986). ``Tri-State Area School Pilot Project Findings,''.


Ferguson, R., (1995). "Chess in Education: Research Summary."


Ferguson, R., (2000). "The Use and Impact of CHESS," in Section B, USA Junior Chess Olympics Curriculum


Frank, A., & D'Hondt, W. (1979). Aptitudes and learning chess in Zaire. Psychopathologie Africane, 15, 81-98.


Frank, A. (1974). Chess and Aptitudes, Doctoral Dissertation. Translation, Stanley Epstein.


Fried, S. & Ginsburg, N. "The Effect of Learning to Play Chess on Cognitive, Perceptual and Emotional Development in Children"


Gashunski, B. "The Social Pedagogical Significance of Chess".


Gershunsky, B., & Gufeld, E. (September, 2000). Can chess aid American schools? Chess Life, 55 (9), 41-43.


Gobet, F., & Simon, H. A. (1996). Templates in chess memory: A mechanism for

recalling several boards. Cognitive Psychology, 31, 1-40.


Gobet, F., & Simon, H. A. (1996). The roles of recognition processes and look-ahead search in time constrained expert problem solving: Evidence from grandmaster-level chess. Psychological Science, 7, 52-55.


Goldin, S. "Chess Contributions to the Understanding of Human Cognition" Carnegie-Mellon University.


Graham, A. (1985). "Chess Makes Kids Smart". Parents. Dec 113-116 3 pages.

Hall, R. (1983). Why chess in the schools. Oregon City, OR.


Hong, S., Bart, W. (2006). Cognitive Effects of Chess Instruction on Students At Risk for Academic Failure, University of Minnesota


Horgan, D. & Morgan, D. "Chess Expertise in Children".


Horgan, D. (1988). Where experts come from. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Decision Sciences Institute, Lincoln, NE.


Horgan, D. (1987). "Chess as a Way to Teach Thinking". Teaching, Thinking and Problem Solving, 9, 4-11.


Horgan, D., & Morgan, D. (1986). Chess and education. Memphis State University, Memphis, TN.


Horgan, D., & Morgan, D. (1988, August). Experience, spatial abilities, and chess skill. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.


Horgan, D., Horgan, T., & Morgan, D. (1986, April). Abstract schemas in children's chess cognition. Paper presented at the Conference on Human Development, Nashville, TN.


Horgan, D. "How to Develop Experts".

Horgan, D. "Competition, Calibration, and Motivation".


Horgan, D. "This Game Might Make You Smart".


Katz, R. "Chess Legislation".


Kibbs, D. "Educators Using Chess as a Tool of Development".


Langen, R. (1992). ``Putting a Check to Poor Math Results,'' The Reporter, December.


Lasker, E. (1949). The Adventure of Chess. Garden City, NY: The Country Life Press.


Leedy, C. (1975). The Effects of Tournament Chess Playing on Selected Physiological Responses of Individuals Varying in Level of Aspiration and Skill. Temple University


Levy, W. (1987). "Using Chess to Promote Self-Esteem in Perceptually Impaired Students."


Linder, I. (June 1990b) ``Chess, a Subject Taught at School,'' Sputnik: Digest of the Soviet Press, pp. 164-166.


Liptrap, J. (1999). ``Chess and Standardized Test Scores,'' Chess Coach Newsletter, Spring, Volume 11 (1), pp. 5 & 7.


Margulies, S., (1991/92). "The Effect of Chess on Reading Scores: District Nine Chess Program Second Year Report." The American Chess Foundation, New York.


Margulies, S. (1995a). The Effect of Chess on Reading Scores; The District 9 Chess Programme. York: Chess in the Schools.


Margulies, S. (1995b). Academic Gains and Increased Creativity. New York: Chess in the Schools.


Margulies, S. (1996). The Effect of Chess on Reading Scores. New York: Chess in the Schools. 13 pgs


Mcarthur, D. (1980). Intelligent Problem Solving in Chess. University of Michigan


Milat, M. (1997). The role of chess in modern education.


Nichelli, P., Grafman, J., Pietrini, P., Alway, D., Carton, J., & Miletich, R. (1994). Brain activity in chess playing. Nature, 369, 191.


North, B. "Race for the Mind" Appeal for a course in chess analysis in the schools by the chairman of the Santa Clara Chess League. 5 pages.


Nurse, D., (May/June 1995). ``Chess & Math Add Up,'' Teach, p. 15.


Onofrj, M., Curatola, L., Valentini, G., Antonelli, M., Thomas, A., & Fulgente, T. (1995). Non-dominant dorsal-prefrontal activation during chess problem solution evidenced by single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT). Neuroscience Letters, 198, 169-172.


Palm, C. (1990). Chess improves academic performance. United States Chess Federation Scholastic Department. Derived from "New York City Schools Chess Program."


Pelts, R., & Alburt, L. (1992). Comprehensive chess course volume 1 (4thedition). New York, NY: Chess Information and Research Center.


Potter, R. "Chess and Education".


Redman, T. "Chess as Education: Character Assassination or Life of the Mind".


Remsen, D. (1998). Churchill school for learning disabilities wins three trophies at nationals. Chess Life, 53, 622


Rifner, P., (1992). ``Playing Chess: A Study of Problem-Solving Skills in Students with Average and Above Average Intelligence,'' doctoral dissertation.


Rifner, P., & Feldhausen, J. (1997). Checkmate: Capturing gifted student's logical thinking using chess. Gifted Child Today Magazine, 20, 36-39, 48.


Ruderman, C. "Can Chess Improve Thinking, Social and Organizational Skill in Learning Disabled Students?


Russo, A. (1997). Chess versus drugs: When chess is more than a game. Chess Life, 52,7.


Saariluoma, P. (1995). Chess players' thinking: A cognitive psychological approach. London: Routledge.


Schiff, S. (1991). Chess strategies: A course of study designed as an introduction to chess thinking. Columbia University Teachers College


Schmidt, B. (1982). How to teach chess in the public schools: A course outline. Raleigh, NC


Schneider, W., Gruber, H., Gold, A., & Opwis, K. (1993). Chess expertise and memory for chess positions in children and adults. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 56, 328-349.


Seymour, J., & Norwood, D. (1993). "A Game for Life," New Scientist 139 (September, no. 1889), pp. 23-26.


Simon, H. A., & Chase, W. G. (1973). Skill in chess. American Scientist, 61, 393-



Smith, J. P., & Cage, B. N. (2000). The effects of chess instruction on the mathematics achievement of Southern, rural, Black secondary students. Research in the Schools, 7, 19-26.


Smith, J., & Sullivan, M. (1997, November). The effects of chess instruction on students' level of field dependence/independence. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid- South Educational Research Association, Memphis, TN.


Soltis, A. (1994). The inner game of chess: How to calculate and win. New York: David McKay.


Sorenson, D. "Chairman of the Boards".


Spangler, M. "The Social Functions of Chess in Yugoslavia and in America- A Comparative View".


Speeth, K., & Margulies, S. (1999). The Effect of Chess Instruction on Emotional Intelligence. New York: Chess in the Schools.


Stewart, I. (1997, April). Knight's tours. Scientific American, 276, 102-104.


Storey, K. (2000). Teaching beginning chess skills to students with disabilities. Preventing School Failure, 44, 2, 45-49.


The Saratogian in Saratoga Springs. (1991). "Chess Gives Hope for Our Youth". Editorial; "March 12


Tudela, R. (1984). ``Learning to Think Project,'' Commission for Chess in Schools, , Annex pp. 1-2.


Tudela, R., (1984). ``Intelligence and Chess''.


Turner, H. (1971). An Experiment to Alter 'Achievement Motivation' in Low-Achieving Male Adolescents By Teaching the Game of Chess. University of Georgia,


Unterrainer, J. M.; Kaller, C.P.; Halsband, U.; Rahm, B. (2006). "Planning abilities and chess: A comparison of chess and non-chess players on the Tower of London task". British Journal of Psychology, Aug, Vol. 97 Issue 3, p299-311.


Vail, K. (1995). Check this, mate: Chess moves kids. The American School Board Journal, 182, 38-40.


Van Zyl, A., (1991). The significance of playing chess in improving a child's intellectual actualisation. (Afrikaans text); University of Pretoria (South Africa),


Warren, H. "Global Community: The Phenomenon of Postal Chess"


Waters, A. J., Gobet, F., & Leyden, G. (2002). Visuospatial abilities of chess players. British Journal of Psychology, 93, 557-565.


Whitman, N. (1975, January). Chess in the geometry classroom. Mathematics Teacher, 68, 71-72.


Wojcio, M. (1995). Chess is very special. Chess Life, 50, 767.


Wojcio, M. (1990). "The Importance of Chess in the Classroom"- Atlantic Chess News

(Back to top)

Idaho Closed 123
2015-11-14 13.43.59
DSCF6299 (1)
DSC_0128 (1)

Join Our Group

"Every Chess Master was once a beginner."
- Hayes
bottom of page